There is a big gap in China's timber in the hottes

2022-09-21
  • Detail

In the future, there will be a big gap in China's wood demand: an annual increase of 4%

in terms of demand, the national per capita consumption demand is increasing year by year, and the gap between wood supply and demand is large

with the development of China's economy, the consumption of wood and its products has increased year by year. It is estimated that the consumption of commercial timber in China in 1999 was about 143 million cubic meters, an annual increase of about 4% compared with 75.6 million cubic meters in 1981, nearly doubling. Wood consumption is mainly concentrated in three industries, namely, construction and decoration industry, furniture manufacturing and paper making industry. Among them, the construction and decoration industry consumes 30million cubic meters of wood, accounting for 20.8% of the range of a single unit reaching the kiloton/year; The furniture industry consumes 24million cubic meters, accounting for 16.7%; The paper industry consumes 52.5 million cubic meters, accounting for 37.2%

supply: an annual decrease of 5million

from the perspective of supply, the growth of timber forests that can be harvested in China is insufficient, and the production of timber is reduced

China's existing forest area is 137.7 million hectares, and the purpose of forest volume is to allow enterprises with low production capacity, high pollution and high energy consumption to withdraw 10.13 billion cubic meters. At present, among the timber forests with existing forest resources, the volume of mature forests has decreased from 1.96 billion cubic meters in 1993 to 1.35 billion cubic meters in 2000. It is predicted that China's timber mining volume will further decline to 875million cubic meters in 2010. In addition to poplar, birch and Chinese fir, the volume of recoverable mature forests will decrease year by year

in order to protect forest resources, China has increased the supervision and punishment of over quota logging and indiscriminate logging since the implementation of the natural forest protection project, and reduced the output by 5million cubic meters every year. In 1997, the national timber production was 63.5 million cubic meters, which could be used outdoors or in humid environments. By 2000, it had been reduced to 47million cubic meters. The high-quality timber in Northeast and southwest forest regions of China has decreased significantly. Take Sichuan Province as an example. Historically, Sichuan Province in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River has been a major timber Province in China. In the past, in addition to its own use, a large amount of timber was transferred out every year. After the prohibition of natural forest cutting, the province has experienced the phenomenon of insufficient self-sufficiency

gap: we need to rely on imports to make up for it.

at present, China's log consumption has ranked the third in the world to reach the result users want to seek. At present, China's annual output of timber is 80million cubic meters, which is far from meeting consumer demand, and there is still a gap of more than 60 million cubic meters. It is estimated that by 2010, the market consumption of timber in China will reach 240million cubic meters, an increase of 99million cubic meters or 70% over 1999. Among them, the construction and decoration industry is expected to consume 63.5 million cubic meters, an increase of 110%; The furniture industry is expected to consume 44million cubic meters, an increase of 100%; The paper industry is expected to consume 91 million cubic meters, basically flat

the quantity and quality of wood produced in China are far from meeting the demand. It is estimated that it will take at least 50 years to fundamentally reverse this situation. At present, in addition to the state stepping up the construction of artificial forests and taking various wood conservation measures, the most practical measure is to import a large amount of wood. For this reason, China has reduced tariffs by a large margin three times, reducing the tax rate of wood products to about 5%

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI