Discussion on the development of the hottest green

2022-08-04
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Discussion on the development of green packaging

in today's commodity economy society, a large number of various commodities are produced. Commodities are products produced for exchange, so there is a process of commodity circulation. In order to meet the needs of circulation, various kinds of packaging are widely used, such as storage and transportation packaging (also known as transportation packaging), sales packaging, etc; Packaging is an indispensable part of commodities. Without packaging, the function of commodity circulation and exchange cannot be realized; It is unthinkable for commodities without packaging. Even a few so-called shirtless commodities cannot be transported and stored without packaging, but without sales packaging. It is no exaggeration to say that without packaging, there would be no commodities and no development of our market economy. Any commodity can never be a good commodity without good packaging. The view that indiscriminately accuses and opposes packaging is very wrong, and the view that despises packaging is also very harmful. Some older friends will remember that in the early 1970s and 1980s, when our country was just developing a market economy, in order to change the heavy losses caused by poor packaging of our export commodities, we formulated a set of guidelines and policies to quickly change the situation of "first-class commodities, second-class packaging and third-class prices" and achieved remarkable results. It is true that the formulation of the so-called first-class goods is indeed questionable, but there are many cases where the second-class packaging led to the third-class price. In particular, many "shirtless goods" in the agricultural and sideline products exported at that time were doubled in value after foreign businessmen adopted exquisite sales packaging, and they also made a lot of excess profits. However, we gave this part of our wealth to others for nothing. Historical experience deserves our great attention

in the 1990s, the so-called white pollution, represented by EPS disposable tableware and other packaging wastes, seriously harmed the environment. Due to the good stability of plastic itself, its wastes are scattered in nature, which not only caused serious visual pollution, but also caused serious harm to the ecological balance. At first glance, it seems that the environmental pollution caused by a large number of plastic wastes is due to the use of too many plastic packaging materials. Therefore, some people put forward the ideas of "replacing plastic with paper", "replacing plastic with wood", restricting and prohibiting the use of plastic packaging materials. In fact, these views are extremely one-sided and very wrong, and must be paid attention to and clarified

"white pollution" has brought serious harm to our environment and a huge negative impact on the development of our society. This is a very sad thing, but it has also given us an in-depth education lesson, making us realize that only by treating the environment well and protecting the environment seriously can human beings develop well, otherwise they will be punished by nature. If we can truly learn from the "white pollution" incident and carry out green packaging, "white pollution" will become our rare spiritual wealth

green packaging generally should have five connotations: first, implement packaging reduction. Under the condition that the packaging meets the functions of protection, convenience and sales, the consumption shall be the least. Second, the packaging should be easy to reuse or recycle. Through the production of recycled products, incineration of heat energy, composting to improve soil and other measures to achieve the purpose of reuse. Third, packaging waste can be degraded. Finally, it will not form permanent garbage, so as to achieve the purpose of soil improvement. Reduce, reuse, recycle and degradable are the universally recognized 3r1d principles for developing green packaging. Fourth, packaging materials should be non-toxic and harmless to human body and organisms. Packaging materials shall not contain toxic elements, bacteria and heavy metals; Or these contents shall be controlled below relevant standards. Fifth, the whole life process of packaging products from raw material collection, material processing, product manufacturing, product use, waste recycling to final treatment should not cause public hazards to human body and environment

green packaging originated from the United Nations in 1987. The consequence was our common future issued by the Committee on environment and development. In june1992, the United Nations Conference on environment and development adopted the Rio Declaration on environment and development and Agenda 21. Immediately, a series of products were launched all over the world for aircraft skin, armor plate, refrigerator truck, ship deck, automobile heat exchanger The green wave in high-end market fields such as computer shell, which focuses on protecting the ecological environment. "Green package" is called "environmental friendly package" or "ecological package". Green packaging should be: harmless to the ecological environment and human health, can be recycled and recycled, and can promote the sustainable development of the national economy. In other words, the whole process of raw material selection, product manufacturing, use, recycling and waste of packaging products should meet the requirements of ecological environment protection. It includes the eco-environmental protection requirements of saving resources, energy, reducing, avoiding waste generation, easy recycling, recycling, incineration or degradation, etc. With the progress of science and technology, the development of green packaging will have new connotations

with the continuous improvement of people's environmental awareness, green packaging is becoming more and more popular. It can be said that people like it, but so far, a considerable number of people have a very one-sided or vague understanding of the real connotation of green packaging. Therefore, I am here to discuss with you what is green packaging. The author believes that the so-called green packaging, in short, is a packaging conducive to the sustainable development of mankind, that is, green packaging. Specifically, the so-called green packaging should have three basic conditions at the same time, namely, safety, sanitation, environmental protection and resource conservation. If a package does not or does not fully meet the above three basic conditions, it cannot be called green packaging

safety means that the package must have a reliable protection function for the packaged goods. It is a basic function that any package must have. It is universal

hygiene means that the use of packaging must not cause harm to people and animals and meet the requirements of relevant health standards. Different commodities have different requirements for the hygienic performance of packaging materials, which is particularly important for food and drugs

the relationship between packaging materials and the price of plastic bags in supermarkets mostly ranges from 1 yuan to 3 yuan. Environmental protection must be analyzed from the perspective of life cycle. From the perspective of environmental protection, packaging materials are required to have good adaptability to environmental protection in the whole process (the whole life cycle) from raw materials to the production, processing and use of packaging materials and the disposal of wastes after use. What we should emphasize here is the whole process, not just one or some links. That is to say, it is very important to control "white pollution" and prevent packaging waste from polluting the natural environment. It is an important aspect of the development of green packaging. However, as far as the development of green packaging is concerned, it is far from enough to only control "white pollution" - the disposal of packaging waste

the packaging materials of exported goods can only be allowed to be imported into the importing country if they meet the regulations of the importing country, otherwise the customs of the importing country will not release them. Many countries restrict or impose mandatory supervision and management on the packaging materials of imported commodities in the form of laws and regulations. For example, the United States stipulates that straw shall not be used in the packaging of imported goods, otherwise it will be forcibly burned. The Ministry of agriculture and Fisheries of Xinxi Temple stipulates that the importer shall clean all parts in clean and compatible commercial solvents, and the packaging of products shall not be hay, straw, bamboo mat, etc. To this end, China has done a lot of work. First, avoid using toxic materials. Pigments, dyes, paints, etc. used on packaging containers or labels shall be made of raw materials that do not contain heavy metals as adhesives for bonding materials. In addition to containing no toxic or toxic components, they shall also be easy to decompose during separation

the second is to use recycled materials as much as possible. At present, most of the recyclable recycled materials used in the world are recycled paper, such as recycled cartons, molded pulp, peak pulp paperboard and paper tubes made from recycled waste paper. Third, actively develop plant packaging materials. Plants can basically continue to reproduce continuously, and the extensive use of plants generally will not cause harm to the environment, ecological balance and resource maintenance, which is favored by the international packaging market. Fourth, select single packaging materials. In this way, the material can be disassembled without the use of special tools, the recovery and separation time can be saved, and the difficulty of recovery and separation caused by the use of bonding method can be avoided

iso14000 environmental management system international standard stipulates that any country can refuse to import the products that do not meet the standard, so that the products that do not meet the standard are excluded from international trade. China's environmental labeling system has fewer product categories, which is far from meeting the needs of foreign trade development. Only by following this international trend and adopting positive and effective means to catch up, can China's foreign trade interests be fundamentally protected. This standard system should be popularized at the same time as the typical guide. In addition, international environmental standards should also be studied as soon as possible. The international standards can be transformed into national standards through administrative and legislative procedures, which can be popularized and used throughout the country. Domestic supporting laws and regulations related to the international standards should also be formulated as soon as possible

the designer must investigate the specific requirements of the international market for environmental protection packaging, such as the regulations of the exporting country on environmental protection packaging, the depth of consumers' concept of environmental protection consumption, green organization activities, and the development trend of environmental protection packaging, so as to fully consider these factors in the packaging design. In addition, the packaging design should also consider highlighting the signs of environmental protection marketing. This sign is different from the environmental signs. It can be designed by the manufacturer, supplier or wholesaler to indicate that a certain commodity has a specific environmental quality, so as to obtain the favor of consumers and achieve the purpose of expanding marketing

the rational application of packaging has not only created rich benefits for commodity producers, but also brought numerous benefits to consumers. For example, after rice is packed in plastic film bags, especially in barrier plastic film bags, the shelf life of rice can be increased from about one month in bulk to months or even more than one year; After the vacuum small package is adopted for mustard and pickles, the price of products of unit quality has been greatly improved. However, this small package has the advantages of long storage time and convenient use. Due to its moderate weight, it avoids the corruption of the rest of the meal after opening, and reduces the economic burden of consumers. Therefore, it is widely welcomed by the society The shirtless packaging of pickles and other traditional agricultural and sideline foods, as well as the large packaging with a portion of more than 500g, are becoming less and less, and some even disappear. The off-site sales of many agricultural and sideline products benefit from the development of packaging materials and packaging technology. Although today, with the high development of science and technology, the regional boundaries of agricultural and sideline products production are decreasing, the regional boundaries still exist. The old saying "South Orange and North orange" is still in existence

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