Discussion on the development of logistics and pac

2022-07-26
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Discussion on the development of logistics and packaging in China in the 21st century (II)

2 why can traditional storage and transportation be transformed into modern logistics

first of all, it should be noted that traditional storage and transportation can be transformed into many other industries, and the transformation to modern logistics is only a way. Practice has proved that in the upsurge of developing diversified economy in the past few years, many storage and transportation enterprises have turned to product manufacturing, real estate development, retail, catering, tourism, breeding and other industries. Some have completely got rid of the original storage and transportation industry, and some enterprises have become sidelines. However, a considerable number of enterprises are unable to get rid of the storage and transportation industry because they can not "light pack", and they are most likely to transform to modern logistics. This is because:

modern logistics and traditional storage and transportation have inheritance in business functions. The predecessor of modern logistics enterprises that have emerged in developed countries since the 1960s is the wholesale enterprise or storage and transportation enterprise. For example, the predecessor of Japanese Lingshi and Daejeon flowers are storage and transportation and wholesale. Now logistics is the business subject of these companies. Since the 1990s in Taiwan, traditional wholesale, storage and transportation have also been transformed into modern logistics, and some successful companies have emerged, such as jiemeng marketing, Hsinchu freight, Deji, Dongyuan storage and transportation, etc. The main functions of modern logistics are warehousing, transportation, loading and unloading, packaging, distribution, etc. the traditional storage and transportation is an industry with warehousing and transportation as its main business. The inheritance of this business function makes this transformation ratio enter Hubei Province, which will focus on cultivating and expanding high-performance metal structures, special alloys for high-end equipment, advanced optical communication materials, advanced electronic materials, new energy batteries and photovoltaic new materials, biomedical materials The 10 new material industry chains including advanced composite materials, new inorganic non-metallic materials, advanced high molecular materials and new carbon materials have lower "threshold". Therefore, there is no need to start a new business function

traditional storage and transportation has the material conditions to transform to modern logistics. The modern logistics mentioned here is not a foreign high-tech logistics that fully realizes mechanization and automation, but a logistics that is suitable for China's national conditions in combination with the development trend of international logistics and the current situation of the transformation of China's traditional storage and transportation industry. The main difference between our modern logistics and foreign modern logistics is that our modern logistics mainly pursues the modernization of mechanism and management, rather than the modernization of facilities and equipment. Therefore, the facilities and equipment accumulated in China's storage and transportation industry in recent 50 years can basically be used for the development of China's modern logistics. Therefore, there is no need to invest a lot in facilities and equipment

traditional storage and transportation has specific management experience suitable for national conditions. These experiences can still play a role in modern logistics. For example, the wholesale, distribution and transportation organization methods of bulk commodities and some specific methods of reasonable transportation adopted in the implementation of "organizing commodity circulation according to economic regions" in the 1950s and 1960s can still be used for reference by modern logistics. Therefore, there is no need to start from scratch in management

modern logistics and traditional storage and transportation are the same industry. The transformation from traditional storage and transportation to modern logistics is still in the business. We can give full play to our industry strengths and gradually overcome various difficulties and obstacles in the development of modern logistics, which has more advantages than dispersing investment to another new industry

3 how to transform traditional storage and transportation into modern logistics

modern logistics is the goal of traditional storage and transportation transformation. Before discussing how to transform, we should clarify the main characteristics of modern logistics and the differences between it and traditional storage and transportation, and then we can explore the transformation methods

(1) according to the development of foreign logistics, the main characteristics of modern logistics are summarized as follows:

rapid logistics response. Logistics service providers are responding faster and faster to upstream and downstream logistics and distribution demands, with shorter lead times, shorter distribution intervals, faster logistics distribution and more commodity turnover times

integration of logistics functions. Modern logistics focuses on the integration of logistics and other links of the supply chain, including the integration of logistics channels and business flow channels, the integration between logistics channels, the integration of logistics functions, the integration of logistics links and manufacturing links and other logistics services. Modern logistics emphasizes the proper positioning, perfection and serialization of logistics service functions. In addition to traditional storage, transportation, packaging, circulation and processing services, modern logistics services are extended upward to market research and prediction, purchase and order processing, and downward to value-added services such as distribution, logistics consulting, logistics scheme selection and planning, inventory control strategy proposal, payment recovery and settlement, education and training; In terms of connotation, it improves the support of the above services to decision-making

standardization of logistics operation. Modern logistics emphasizes the standardization and stylization of functions, operation processes, operations and actions, making complex operations simple and easy to promote and assess

systematization of logistics objectives. Modern logistics plans the overall logistics activities of a transition company from a systematic point of view, handles the relationship between logistics activities, business flow activities and company objectives, and between logistics activities and logistics activities, and does not seek the optimization of individual activities, but the optimization of overall activities

modernization of logistics means. Modern logistics uses advanced technology, equipment and management to provide services for sales. The larger the scale and scope of production, circulation and sales, the more modern the logistics technology, equipment and management. Computer technology, communication technology, mechatronics technology and speech recognition technology have been widely used. The most advanced logistics system in the world uses GPS (Global Positioning System), satellite communication, radio frequency identification device (RF) and robot to realize automation, mechanization, paperless and intellectualization. For example, the distance between the actual action line of loading eccentricity contraction or tensile load and the action line of generating equilibrium stress on the cross section of the sample in the 1990s is the middle of the century, The military logistics system provided by the US Department of Defense (DoD) for the multinational forces carrying out peacekeeping operations in the former Yugoslavia region uses these technologies, and its technology is the most complex and sophisticated in the world

logistics organization networking. In order to provide rapid and all-round logistics support for product promotion, modern logistics needs to have a perfect and sound logistics network system, and the logistics activities between points on the network should be systematic and consistent, so as to ensure that the entire logistics network has the optimal overall inventory level and inventory distribution, and the transportation and distribution are fast and flexible, which can be spread and closed. Only when dispersed logistics units form networks can they meet the needs of modern production and circulation

marketization of logistics operation. The specific operation of modern logistics adopts the market mechanism. Whether an enterprise organizes logistics itself or entrusts a socialized logistics enterprise to undertake logistics tasks, it takes the best cooperation of "service cost" as the overall goal. Whoever can provide the best "service cost" combination will find the service. There are not only a large number of "large and comprehensive" and "small and comprehensive" examples of self run logistics, but also a large number of examples of using third-party logistics enterprises to provide logistics services. Comparatively speaking, the socialization and specialization of logistics have taken the mainstream. Even non socialized and non specialized logistics organizations also implement strict economic accounting

electronic logistics information. Due to the application of computer information technology, the visibility of modern logistics process has been significantly increased, and the risks of inventory backlog, delayed delivery, delayed delivery, uncontrollable inventory and transportation in the logistics process have been greatly reduced. Therefore, the coordination and cooperation of suppliers, logistics providers, wholesalers and retailers in the organization of logistics and the control of logistics process can be strengthened

(to be continued)

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