Discussion on the development of green packaging f

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Talking about the development of green packaging from the use and recycling of packaging materials (Part 2)

2 the current situation of recycling and utilization of packaging waste in China

due to the limitations of resources, technology and economy, it is impossible to completely use pure natural or edible substances as packaging materials. At present, China still has four major packaging materials, so the recycling and treatment of packaging waste has become a pivotal link in the green packaging project, It must be coordinated with the development of green packaging materials in order to solve the global problem of resource shortage and environmental pollution

the most effective way to recycle packaging waste is to collect and treat the waste by classification. In developed countries such as Germany, Japan and the United States, the recycling and treatment of packaging waste has been large-scale, industrialized and commercialized [4]. In contrast, the recycling and treatment of packaging waste in China at this stage is far from forming a scale, and has not entered the industrialization and scientific and technological stage. The waste recycling in many places is still limited to the spontaneous behavior of individual purchasers. Although classified waste recycling has been implemented in some big cities, people's awareness of waste recycling and environmental protection is still weak in the majority of small and medium-sized cities and rural areas, All kinds of packaging wastes have not been effectively recycled, but have been arbitrarily discarded in rivers, lakes, mountains and fields, resulting in a great waste of resources and serious environmental pollution. Table 1 lists the comparison of the recycling of packaging waste between European and American countries and China at the end of the 20th century. From the recovery rate data of the four major packaging materials shown in the table, it can be seen that the recycling of waste in China is obviously insufficient at present. The recovery rate of paper is only 20%, that of plastic is about 10%, that of glass is about 20%, and that of metal is less than 1%. At the same time, with the rapid growth of China's economy, the output of packaging products is on the rise [3], which is bound to lead to the intensification of resource shortage and environmental pollution. In a sense, the lag of packaging waste recycling has become a bottleneck restricting the development of China's green packaging industry

Table 1 Comparison of the recovery rate of packaging waste in the world at the end of the 20th century

the recovery rate of cheaper national frequency conversion for paper glass plastic metal (taking aluminum cans as an example)

China 20% 20% less than 10%

the United States 60% - 50% 75% or more

Western Europe 30 5% 60% (Germany) -

Japan 80% 50% 28% 40%

3 countermeasures and measures

3 1. Establish a professional recycling company and increase the recycling and treatment of various packaging products

in view of the current situation that the recycling and treatment of packaging waste in China is extremely non-standard, it is necessary to establish a professional recycling and treatment company in the charge of a special agency, and use advanced equipment and technology to recycle and treat various packaging waste respectively, forming a virtuous cycle of recycling, treatment and recycling and a one-stop service

China is a country lacking in forest resources. The recovery rate of paper products is low, and the demand for paper raw materials is increasing every year. Long term deforestation as paper raw materials will lead to a crisis in resources and ecological balance. In fact, the selection and characteristics of paper 2.2.1 a/d converter a/d converter chips have a wide variety, different performances and great price differences. Although the products are in great demand, they are relatively easy to recover. After preliminary classification, decomposition, deinking and ink cleaning and separation, they can become the slurry for paper making again, which can save limited forest resources. The key to the reuse of this resource lies in the effective recovery of paper packaging

plastic products can better adapt to the national conditions and economic needs of developing countries because their cost performance is far better than other materials, so they occupy a huge share in packaging products, but the low recovery rate will cause serious environmental pollution. At present, only a small number of rigid plastic packaging containers are sold to the waste purchase station, and the plastic bags with the largest consumption are discarded at will. Although the country promotes the use of degradable plastic bags in large supermarkets, However, in the vegetable market, vendors are still using non degradable ordinary plastic bags for personal economic interests. Due to the large amount of plastic packaging products and the complex recycling process, it is difficult to effectively improve the recycling rate if standardized waste classification management is not implemented

glass has irreplaceable advantages in the packaging of liquid products, so it is very important for its recycling. It can be recycled after cleaning and disinfection, recycled for melting and recycling, and directly reprocessed for other purposes, which not only shortens the production cycle, but also saves a lot of money and power consumption. However, in addition to the high recovery rate of glass products in some advanced countries, many countries, including China, have done a very poor job in this regard. It is urgent to establish reward and punishment measures to strengthen the recovery

although the amount of metal packaging is limited, there is no substitute, so it is indispensable in packaging products. Except for some large industrial storage tanks, the largest daily consumption is cans, toothpaste skins, cans, food boxes and paint cans. Now the toothpaste skins have been gradually replaced by plastics. The recovery rate of metal products in China is low due to the confusion of metal products recovery

3. 2. Implement the reward and punishment system and cultivate consumers' awareness of packaging waste recycling

the key to the recycling of packaging waste is the effective classification and recycling of waste. The premise to achieve this goal is that consumers can realize the importance of recycling packaging waste to environmental protection and resources and consciously participate in it. Today, when the majority of people in China are still weak in this sense, in addition to increasing publicity, it is necessary to take some feasible reward and punishment measures and even legal means to help people establish their awareness of environmental protection. In this regard, developed countries have successful experience to learn from. For example, Switzerland and the Netherlands implement the prepayment deposit system for plastic bottles, and are only willing to take some small equipment products to test the water first, so as to link the recycling of packaging waste with the direct economic interests of consumers. In this way, people gradually develop the awareness and habit of consciously participating in waste recycling

3. 3. Try to reduce unnecessary consumption of packaging materials and put an end to excessive packaging

excessive packaging not only causes waste of packaging materials, complex processes, increased waste recycling load, but also increases commodity prices, which is harmful to resource conservation, environmental protection and consumer interests. Especially in a country like ours, where resources are scarce, most people are not well off, and people's awareness of waste recycling is still weak, businesses should not use excessive packaging to induce consumers to blindly pursue the appearance of luxury goods, which should be paid enough attention to in the implementation of green packaging projects in China

4 conclusion

the green packaging of commodities is an irreversible development trend and a complex system engineering. The use and effective recycling of green packaging materials are two very important links. Only by making the development, application and recycling of packaging materials develop synchronously, can the real green cycle be realized

information source: Packaging Engineering

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