50 years of Guangdong Printing Industry

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The 50 year history of Guangdong Printing Industry (Part 1)

printing is one of the four great inventions in ancient China, and has made great contributions to human civilization, progress and development

according to historical records, before the 1930s, Guangdong's printing industry used manual printing; In the late 1930s, there were some electric equipment printing machines, such as relief platform printing machines, four open or split type printing machines for printing newspapers, etc., which initially got rid of manual operation. On the eve of the liberation of Guangdong Province, there were less than 100 printing plants (some people counted them as more than 70) and about 2000 employees in the province under the condition of continuously improving product performance and quality. Guangzhou, the provincial capital, has only more than 20 small-scale printing plants, and most of them serve newspaper offices. There is a single type of printing work and a single variety of printing. All books, newspapers and periodicals are printed by four or two-way lead printing machines, and New Year pictures are printed by ancient woodcut plates

On October 1, 1949, new China was founded and Guangzhou was liberated on October 14 of the same year. The party and the people's government attached great importance to the development of the printing industry. The first Southern printing factory, the second Southern printing factory, Xinhua printing factory and Guangdong People's printing factory established after liberation are the beginning of the socialist book and periodical printing industry in our province. Subsequently, a number of state-owned and collectively owned printing plants were successively established and established. By 1952, with only three years of economic recovery, the province had printed nearly 400 kinds of books, with a total of 155million copies; There are more than 50 kinds of printed periodicals, with a total number of more than 10 million copies, and the production capacity greatly exceeds that of any historical period before the liberation of Guangdong

In the middle and late 1950s, hundreds of printing enterprises were readjusted and established, which made the distribution of printing industry in the whole province more reasonable, and the printing capacity and quality were improved. Each county has more than one printing enterprise, and there are many printing enterprises with a certain scale and printing different varieties in cities above the medium level. The products have developed from single embossing to flat printing, gravure printing and other varieties; Printing enterprises have also begun to form a professional division of labor. There are book and magazine printing plants, newspaper printing plants, packaging and decoration printing plants, typesetting, plate making and binding plants, metal printing, glass printing, ornate plate printing, commercial aircraft will realize the first flight of printing hoses and other professional plants later this year

in the 1960s, printing enterprises in Guangdong began to upgrade and replace the old equipment with better printing machinery. In the mid-1960s, the printing of books, periodicals and newspapers in Guangdong was better than that of packaging and decoration printing, and was on a par with Hong Kong in terms of printing equipment, technology and product quality. Every year in Hong Kong, some student textbooks and teaching reference books are printed by Guangdong. It was only because of the civil strife in the following 10 years that Guangdong's printing industry was left behind by Hong Kong

since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Guangdong has taken the lead in reform and opening up, and the printing industry has also achieved unprecedented development. The 20 years since 1979 have witnessed the fastest and most brilliant development of Guangdong's printing industry

According to statistics in 1987, there were 2128 printing enterprises in the province, an increase of 2.2 times over 1978, and five times as much as in the later period of the "Cultural Revolution". The net value of fixed assets is 780million yuan, and it has established its own manufacturing workshop with a total industrial output value of 1.12 billion yuan and 97826 employees. A major feature of Guangdong's printing industry during this period was that the state-owned and collectively owned enterprises had an absolute advantage, including 252 state-owned enterprises, accounting for 11.8% of the total; 1238 collective enterprises, accounting for 58.2%; 16 "three capital" enterprises, accounting for 0.8%; There are 621 individual, private and other enterprises, accounting for 29.2%. Another feature is that in the industrial sales output value, the printing products of books, newspapers and periodicals account for more than 50%, and the printing of social parts also accounts for a certain proportion, while the output value of packaging and decoration printed materials is not very high and is in the stage of preparation. (to be continued)

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